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Livelihood changes and evolution of upland ethnic communities driven by tourism: a case study in Guizhou Province, southwest China

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WOS被引频次:2
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成果类型:
期刊论文
作者:
Li Yajuan;Yu Hu;Chen Tian;Hu Jing;Cui Haiyang
通讯作者:
Cui Hai-yang
作者机构:
[Hu Jing; Li Yajuan] Cent China Normal Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
[Hu Jing; Li Yajuan] China Tourism Acad, Wuhan Branch, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
[Yu Hu; Chen Tian] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
[Cui Haiyang] Guizhou Univ, ASEAN Assoc Southeast Asian Nations Res Ctr, Guiyang 550025, Peoples R China.
通讯机构:
[Cui Hai-yang] Guizhou Univ, ASEAN Assoc Southeast Asian Nations Res Ctr, Guiyang 550025, Peoples R China.
语种:
英文
关键词:
Community evolution;Tourism livelihood;Livelihood assets;Ethnic tourism;Guizhou
关键词(中文):
民族文化;旅游区;中国西南部;社区;山地;驱动;贵州省;变迁
期刊:
Journal of Mountain Science
期刊(中文):
Journal of Mountain Science 山地科学学报(英文版)
ISSN:
1672-6316
年:
2016
卷:
13
期:
7
页码:
1313-1332
文献类别:
WOS:Article
所属学科:
ESI学科类别:环境科学/生态学;WOS学科类别:Environmental Sciences
入藏号:
基金类别:
supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41361033);
机构署名:
本校为第一机构
院系归属:
城市与环境科学学院
摘要:
As an effective livelihood approach to alleviate poverty without rural population migration, ethnic tourism has become the primary choice of economic development in ethnic areas worldwide in addition to traditional livelihood approaches. This article applies the theories of livelihood to study the community evolution driven by tourism livelihood and examine three mountainous tourism communities in different stages of tourist area life cycle. Drawing on the methods of GIS spatial analysis, semi-structured interviews and questionnaires, this article proposes a sustainable livelihood framework for ethnic tourism to explore the evolution of ethnic tourism communities by identifying changes in livelihood assets (natural, financial, social, cultural and human capitals) in the process of tourism development. The results show that the development of ethnic tourism has led to changes in the increase of building land, and the diversification of land use functions with a trend of shifting from meeting local villagers' living needs to satisfying tourists, income composition and uneven distribution of tourism income spatially. Ethnic tourism also led to the deterioration of traditional social management structure, collapse of neighboring relationship, the over- commercialization and staged authenticity of ethnic culture, as well as the gradual vanish of agricultural knowledge with a trend of increasing modern business knowledge and higher education. In addition, these changes, involving livelihood assets from natural, economic, human, social and cultural aspects are interrelated and interactive, which form new evolution characters of ethnic community. This study reveals the conflicts over livelihood approaches which have formed new vulnerabilities to impact on sustainable evolution of ethnic communities. This research provides implications for achieving the sustainable development of ethnic communities with the driving force of tourism livelihood.
参考文献:
Anup KC, Resham BTP (2014) Tourism and its impact on livelihood in Manaslu conservation area, Nepal. Environment, Development and Sustainability 16(5): 1053–1063. DOI: 10.1007/s10668-013-9512-7
Ashley C (2000) The impacts of tourism on rural livelihoods in Namibia's experience. Overseas Development Institute, London, UK.
Bhalla AS, Qiu SF (2006) Poverty and inequality among Chinese minorities. Routledge, London, UK.
Bruner, EM (2005) Culture on Tour. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Chan KW (2012) Migration and development in China: Trends, geography and current issues. Migration and Development 1(2): 187–205. DOI:10.1080/21632324.2012.739316

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