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新审美空间--略论新诗(1917-1949)用典的基本类别及其效应

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成果类型:
学位论文
论文标题(英文):
The New Aesthetic Space
作者:
朱云
作者机构:
[朱云] 华中师范大学
导师:
张岩泉
语种:
中文
关键词:
新诗;新的审美空间;用典;西典;今典;古典
关键词(英文):
The vernacular poem;the new aesthetic space;allusion;western allusion;the same time's allusion;ancient allusion
学位年度:
2006
学位授予单位:
华中师范大学
学科专业:
中国现当代文学
授予学位:
硕士
机构署名:
本校为第一完成单位
摘要:
用典是新诗中的一种普遍现象,也是新诗批评尚待重视的诗歌现象。本文从如下五个部分展开论述: 第一部分为导言,着重阐述当前对新诗用典进行研究的重要意义和紧迫性;并据此提出了本论文的研究范围是1917——1949年的新诗,研究方法是从新诗与古诗的区分着眼,对新诗用典基本类别及其效应进行分析,研究目的是为新诗正在不断形成的“新的审美空间”提供为人忽略的用典方面的证词,以为新诗进行合法性辩护。 第二部分是关于用典的几个理论问题,主要阐述用典理论中与本论文相关的几个问题,分别是用典的定义、发生和原因、美学意义和局限。 第三部分主要分析新诗对西方典故的运用及其带来的效应。第一节主要阐述本论文对用典的划分方式;第二节分析新诗对西方故事的运用,指出这为新诗带来了现代性思想因子,促成了诗歌对思想的直接表现,显示了与古诗表现情感体验的不同表达方式;第三节论证《女神》对《草叶集》的语典运用,指出这让《女神》中的某些诗歌,创作出了一个古诗所不具备的无所拘束的“我”的艺术形象。 第四部分主要分析新诗对今典和古典的运用及其带来的效应。第一节阐述革命诗人对革命故事和革命领袖的运用,指出这使新诗形成了古诗所欠缺的宏大抒情摸式;第二节分析新诗中的“用自己诗为故事”,具体解剖了胡适诗集中的“星星”和穆旦诗歌中的“变形”,指出这些古诗所不具备的艺术形象,开拓了诗歌的审美和思维空间。第三节主要分析新诗对古典的运用,指出古典对提升新诗艺术表现力的重大作用。 第五部分是结论,指出新诗通过用典带来了古诗所不具备的新要素,形成了自己“新的审美空间”,其存在合法性不容质疑。同时,基于古典对提升新诗艺术表现力的作用,我们应该积极探索新诗对古典的有效运用方式。
摘要(英文):
The using of allusion is a universal phenomenon in vernacular poems, but also a phenomenon waiting to be valued. The article will discuss its problem from following five components:The first part is the introduction, focusing on the important meaning and urgent of research on the using of allusions in vernacular poems. It also clears the scope of the study that are the vernacular poems in 1917--1949 years, the way that is to discuss the using types of allusions in vernacular poems according to the differences of ancient poem and vernacular poem, and the purpose that is to offer the evidences about "the new esthetic space" existing in vernacular poems .The second part is to discuss several theoretical issues about the allusion, which is related to the problems the article will discuss: the definition, occurrence reason, esthetics meaning and confines of allusion.The third part is to discuss the using of western allusions and the following influence in the vernacular poem. The section I is to discuss the ways of allusions 'dividing in the article. The section II is to analyses the using of western stories, and then point out that same modern ideas has been brought to the vernacular poem, which made the vernacular poems to expresses thought directly, displaying a different expressing way with the ancient poem that expressing emotion mainly. The section III is to discuss the language allusions that the to the < leaves of grass>, and then point out that it has made some poems in the to write an art image about "me" which is lack of ancient poems.The fourth part is to discuss the using of allusions in the same tines and in the ancient times, and the following influence in the vernacular poems. The section I is to discuss how the revolution poets writing the revolution and the revolutionary leaders, and then point out that it made the vernacular poem to form a mode that is express great sentiment in the poem which is lack of ancient poems. The section II is to discuss the "using of allusions about one poet to his own poem" in the vernacular poems, and it also analyses the poem images of "star" in Hushi's poems and "transform" in Mudan's poems, and then it point out that this poem images that is lack of ancient poems have offered same new ways, for poet to perform the world. The section III is to discuss the using of allusions belongs to ancient times and it point out that thses ancient allusions are beneficial to improve the performance of vernacular poems.The fifth part is the conclusion, pointing out that the using of allusion have brought the vernacular poems some new esthetic elements, which constitute its "new esthetic space", and so it prove that the vernacular verse has its existent reason. At the same time, based on the ancient allusions' important function to improve the performance of vernacular poems, we should to explore the valid ways of using the ancient allusions.

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