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多重制度逻辑与产业扶贫项目的异化——组织场域的视角

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成果类型:
期刊论文
论文标题(英文):
Multiple Institutional Logics and Dissimilation of Industrial Poverty Alleviation Project——A Perspective of Organizational Field
作者:
杨永伟;陆汉文
作者机构:
[陆汉文] 陆汉文
[杨永伟] 杨永伟
华中师范大学社会学院
华中师范大学减贫与发展研究院
语种:
中文
关键词:
产业扶贫;组织场域;制度逻辑;扶贫效果
关键词(英文):
Industrial poverty alleviation;Organizational field;Institutional logic;Effect of poverty alleviation
期刊:
中国农业大学学报(社会科学版)
期刊(英文):
Journal of China Agricultural University (Social Sciences Edition)
ISSN:
1009-508X
年:
2018
卷:
35
期:
1
页码:
110-116
基金类别:
国家自然科学基金应急项目“精准扶贫的科学体系设计与研究”(编号:71541039)的阶段性成果; 华中师范大学优秀博士论文培育计划项目(项目编号:2017YBZZ050)资助;
机构署名:
本校为第一机构
院系归属:
社会学院
摘要:
作为扶贫开发的重要途径,产业扶贫在实践过程中常常出现瞄不准或瞄准了但效果不突出的情形,组织场域为揭示其中的奥秘提供了有益视角。Y村的案例表明,在产业扶贫的组织场域内,地方政府与烟草公司在各自领域制度环境的制约下对自身参与产业扶贫的行为作出适应性的调整,改变了产业扶贫场域内的资讯交换渠道与资源传递方式,进而形成了组织行为主体参与产业扶贫的隐形运行逻辑。循此逻辑,非正式权力与利益的勾连固化了组织行为主体的权力关系与场域位置,扶贫资源经由村委会与合作社的承接更多流向村干部及种植大户等村庄精英群体,贫困农户则处于边缘位置。组织场域内中心—边缘关系结构的形成最终导致产业扶贫实践中制度表达与项目实践的背离。
摘要(英文):
As an important way for poverty alleviation development,the situation of aiming deviation or aiming at poor households without a prominent effect often appears for industrial poverty alleviation in the practice process. And organizational field provided a beneficial perspective to reveal its profound mysteries. The case of Y Village shows that,in organizational field of industrial poverty alleviation,local government and tobacco company made adaptive adjustments to own behavior to participate in industrial poverty alleviation under the control of institutional environment of their respective fields.It changed information interchange channels and resource delivery modes within the field of industrial poverty alleviation,and further formed invisible operation logic that organization behavior subject was involved in industrial poverty alleviation.Following this logic,the connection between informal power and interests solidified organization behavior subject's power relationship and location in the field. More of resources for poverty alleviation flowed into village elite group,such as village cadres and large growers through undertaking village committee and cooperative,and poor households were in a position of the edge. The formation of structure of relationship of the center-periphery eventually led to deviation between institutional expression and project practice in industrial poverty alleviation's practice in organizational field.
参考文献:
1.梁晨.产业扶贫项目的运作机制与地方政府的角色.北京工业大学学报(社会科学版).2015,(5) 2.闫东东.龙头企业参与产业扶贫的进化博弈分析.农村经济.2015,(2) 3.冯小.农民专业合作社制度异化的乡土逻辑——以“合作社包装下乡资本”为例.中国农村观察.2015,(2) 4.赵慧珠.走出中国农村反贫困政策的困境.文史哲.2007,(4) 5.Schmidt,V A.Taking Ideas and Discourse Seriously: Explaining Change Through Discursive Institutionalism as the Fourth New Institutionalism.European Political Science Review.2010,(1) 6.Meyer,R E.Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony.American Journal of Sociology.1977,(2) 7.DiMaggio,P J.Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organization Fields.American Sociological Review.1983,(2) 8.斯科特.制度与组织——思想观念与物质利益.北京:中国人民大学出版社,2010 9.Gerald,F D.Prospects for Organization Theory in the Early Twenty-First Century: Institutional Fields and Mechanisms.Organization Science.2005,(4) 10.Laumann,E.Organizational State.Madison:The University of Wisconsin Press,1987 11.周雪光.“逆向软预算约束”:一个政府行为的组织分析.中国社会科学.2005,(2)

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