Wu, C. B.;Guan, P. B.;Zhong, L. N.;Lv, J.;Hu, X. F.;Huang, G. H.;Li, C. C.
[Wu, C. B.; Lv, J.] Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Coll Econ & Management, Qingdao 266590, Peoples R China.;[Guan, P. B.] Beijing Univ Technol, Coll Environm & Energy Engn, Beijing 100124, Peoples R China.;[Zhong, L. N.] Cent China Normal Univ, Sch Polit & Int Studies, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.;[Hu, X. F.] Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Coll Humanity & Law, Qingdao 266590, Peoples R China.;[Huang, G. H.] Univ Regina, Fac Engn, Environm Syst Engn Program, Regina, SK S4S 0A2, Canada.
College of Economics and Management, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Coal power overcapacity;Carbon capture and storage technology;Optimization model;Power industry;Low-carbon production
Due to the coal-dominated power generation structure, Shandong is facing severe power source structural contradiction and tremendous pressure to reduce carbon emissions. Therefore, considering the elimination of coal power overcapacity and introduction of carbon capture and storage technology, this study established an optimization model to identify the low-carbon production pathways for Shandong's power industry. The results indicated that nuclear power, wind power and complementary energy power would be the overriding clean energy power generation technologies. As to coal power, less than 300 MW-level generating units would be eliminated totally at the end of 2021, then followed by 300 MW-level generating units. And no doubt, 1000 MW-level generating units would become the primary coal-fired power generation technology gradually. Moreover, in 2021, clean energy power would account for about 52.33% of the total installed capacity, surpassing coal power for the first time and undertaking the main task of power generation. Hence, while striving to develop clean energy, those acquired achievements refer to elimination of coal power overcapacity should be further consolidated. Furthermore, when promoting carbon capture and storage technology, governments should not only make a trade-off analysis between its cost and environmental benefit, but also take the provincial actual situation and economic affordability into account. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.'
Reducing the number of layers (or "flattening") government hierarchies is a popular trend in developing countries, but the value of doing so is unclear. Using a hierarchy reform in China that started in 2003 as an exogenous shock, we investigate whether flattening government hierarchies results in local governments using fiscal funds poorly. We use a unique dataset from audit programs in China and find that the county-level amount of misuses of fiscal funds detected by auditors increases after the government hierarchy is flattened, because the monitoring of county leaders decreases and then they can more easily divert public funds from their statutory use. Furthermore, the misuse of funds leads to sizable losses in public welfare and trust and a stronger perception of corruption. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.