Foreign Literature Studies,2009年31(01):1-6 ISSN：1003-7519
[聂珍钊] Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
comparative literature;definition;comparative literature as a discipline;comparative literature as literary theory;methodology
Joshua Scodel is Helen A. Regenstein Professor in English and Comparative Literature and the Chair of the Department of Comparative Literature at the University of Chicago. His publications include The English Poetic Epitaph: Commemoration and Conflict from Jonson to Wordsworth (Cornell UP, 1991 ), Excess and the Mean in Early Modern English Literature (Princeton UP, 2001 ), and various articles on the 16th -17th century English literature and literary criticism in relation to the classical tradition. In this interview, Prof. Scodel discusses Comparative Literature as a discipline, with remarks about the goals of Comparative Literature, its relation to literary theory, the history of the discipline in the United States, the most important current developments in the field, some major past and present comparatists, and the Comparative Literature program at his home institution, the University of Chicago. The interview concludes with some reflections on Comparative Literature' s crucial role in the study of English Renaissance literature, Professor Scodel' s own major area of expertise.
[张岩泉] Cent China Normal Univ, Sch Chinese Language & Literature, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
As a distinguished 20th-century poet in the German language, Rainer Maria Rilke becomes a major influence on modern Chinese poetry. Through Chinese poets' and scholars' translation and introduction from the early 1920s till the late 1940s, Rilke and his works had left narrow but deep traces on the course of modern Chinese poetry. Feng Zhi and Jiuye poets had learnt a lot from Rilke's poetic concepts, poetry skills and moral character, which led to a number of their excellent modern poems by their watching in tranquility and writing in reflection. However, the long neglect of Rilke's late works and ideas has left a gap in the history of poetic exchange between China and the Western world, which raises a new subject for us.
In Narrative Hospitality in Late Victorian Fiction: Novel Ethics, Rachel Hollander takes inspiration from Levinasian ethics of alterity into her analysis of several late Victorian realist fictions, particularly their transitional features in subjects and narrative forms, attempting to give an ethical interpretation of the transition from realism to modernism. She argues that, with the Empire being caught in serious crises at the end of the 19th century, the sympathy-based novel ethics of realism gradually gave way to the modernist novel ethics of hospitality which acknowledges the limits of knowledge and values of uncertainty. Different novel ethics account for different subjects and narrative forms, which reflects the novelists' different approaches to novel's ethical functions. The book can be very helpful for us to reconsider the ethical orientations of realist and modernist novels, as well as the ethical responsibility of novel.