The goal of this paper is to offer an argument for the Sociotopographic Model and its extension to dialectal data. It is shown that Italian and one of its dialects, Aquilan, seem to differ with respect to which reference systems their prepositions can describe. Aquilan includes an absolute and an elevational reference system; Italian only includes an absolute system. It is proposed that this difference is strongly correlated to Aquilan being a dialect spoken in a mountainous valley, and therefore reflecting the “lay of the land” in its spatial lexicon. The paper offers an experimental study involving two groups of informants (group 1, age >70.0 years, N = 13; group 2, age <40.0 years, N = 10). It is shown that both groups can use the elevational system in Aquilan, but generational differences are attested. Some conclusions regarding connections between Sociotopography and Dialectology are offered.
Revue Roumaine de Linguistique,2020年65(2):119-133 ISSN：0035-3957
[Ursini, Francesco-Alessio] Cent China Normal Univ, Sch Chinese Language & Literature, Wuhan, Peoples R China.;[Zhang, Yue (Sara); Long, Haiping] Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Foreign Languages, South Campus, Guangzhou, Peoples R China.
[Long, Haiping] S;Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Foreign Languages, South Campus, Guangzhou, Peoples R China.
The goal of this paper is to account for the distribution of Mandarin spatial adpositions with measure phrases, categories that measure quantities under discussion (in this case, length, e.g. shi mi 'ten metres'). We account how this distribution determines their classification into bounded/unbounded prepositions. We show that such an account must consider localisers (e.g. qian 'front') and so-called spatial nouns (e.g. qian-mian 'front-face') as part of the adpositional phrase, even if previous studies leave spatial nouns aside. We show that in this language this distinction has two important and hitherto undocumented properties. First, it has a cross-categorial import, as it cuts across localisers and spatial nouns (e.g. zai zhuozi qian shi mi 'ten metres in front of the desk'). Second, "goal" path prepositions (e.g. dao 'to') favour rather than block the presence of MPs (e.g. dao zhuozi qian-mian shi mi 'to ten metres in front of the desk'). We propose an account based on a variant of Lexical Syntax in which pre- and post-positional items jointly contribute features licensing MPs, and discuss its import for a general theory of adpositions.
[蒲国利] School of Economics &, Management, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an, 710054, China;[刘晨光] School of Management, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, 710072, China;[苏秦] State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China;[蒲国利; 苏秦] School of Management, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China