Formal mentoring programs continue to gain popularity within various organizations due to their positive impact on proteges' career successes. However, to date, relevant research has focused on the benefits of informal mentoring relationships. To narrow the literature gap, this study was conducted to examine whether, how and when the amount of formal mentoring provided by mentors influenced proteges' work attitudes. Based on 208 formal mentor-protege dyads from the People's Republic of China, we found that the amount of formal mentoring provided by mentors related positively to proteges' affective commitment and related negatively to turnover intention. Furthermore, perceived psychological safety of proteges partially mediated the relationship between the amount of formal mentoring and affective commitment, whereas it completely mediated the relationship between the amount of formal mentoring and turnover intention. Finally, proteges' power distance orientation moderated the relationship between the amount of formal mentoring and perceived psychological safety. Additionally, implications for research and practice from our findings are discussed.
[Li, Yanan; Kuang, Bing; Tan, Shukui; Zhou, Min; Zhang, Lu] Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Coll Publ Adm, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China.;[Li, Yanan; Song, Yan] Univ North Carolina Chapel Hill, Dept City & Reg Planning, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA.;[Luo, Xiang] Cent China Normal Univ, Key Lab Geog Proc Anal & Simulat, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
[Li, YA] Univ North Carolina Chapel Hill, Dept City & Reg Planning, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA.;Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Coll Publ Adm, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China.
Settlement intention;Floating population;Determinants of settlement;China
Floating population has had a tremendous impact on China's urban development in the past three decades. Understanding this population's settlement intention in cities is crucial for China's process of urbanization. Based on a nationwide survey, this paper focuses on the floating population's intention for urban settlement and effect factors. The empirical evidence shows that more than half of migrants provide positive answers to the question about long-term settlement plan. Using logistic regression model, factors including socio-economic, occupational, institutional, neighbourhood and origin-destination characteristics are examined. Results indicate that majority of the variables are significantly associated with settlement intention. For example, having more welfare benefits, self-occupied housing and better social integration are representative indications of a long-term settlement plan. This study also highlights non-physical neighbourhood characteristics such as social participation, interaction with locals, and migrant's attitude to the destination city as important factors of settlement intention.
In this paper, a stochastic equilibrium chance-constrained programming (SECCP) model was developed for tackling the municipal waste management issue under uncertainty. The main advantage of this model is that it effectively reflected the dual-random characteristics of uncertain parameters through incorporating the opinions and judgments from various respondents into the parameter identification processes. This will lead to birandom variables, where their mean values and standard deviations are allowed to be the random variables, instead of the fixed values. The generation of birandom variables will enrich the stochastic optimization theory and improve the accuracy and rationality of parameters design and estimation. The equilibrium chance-constrained programming algorithm was used to solve the SECCP model, which is capable of tackling birandom variables and is overcoming limitations of traditional stochastic chance-constrained programming while parameters with normal distribution are required strictly. Currently, the application of SECCP model in the environmental management fields was limited. As the first attempt, the regional waste management of the City of Dalian, China, was used as a study case for demonstration. A variety of solutions are beneficial in providing decision space to the local managers through designing and adjusting the constraints-violation levels. This solution process also reflected trade-off between system economy and reliability. The successful application in regional waste management system is expected to be a good example for tackling other similar problems.